Date(s) - 11/12/2019
16:30 - 18:30
Conference: Avoiding Multi-State Conflict in the Middle East:
How the EU can Foster Regional Peace
Wednesday 11 December 16:30-18:30
European Parliament, Room P4B001
Arrays of intersecting conflicts in the Middle-East have drawn the region into a complex battlefield, with damaging effects on its social fabric. Even before the 2011 Arab uprisings, major conflicts in the region tended to intersect with local divergences, creating primary as well as secondary conflict clusters, poisoning relations between regional and international actors and complicating any attempts for sustainable solutions.
Latest developments in the region saw a volatile environment characterized by reckless attacks allegedly executed with Iranian support, new waves of interconnected protests and security vacuums, which threaten to trigger larger conflict clusters. With its economic integration stalled by US sanctions, and its standing on the global stage challenged, Iran elected to maintain its controversial proxy activities, which it has long used to project spheres of regional influence, especially in Lebanon, Iraq and Syria. The June 13 attack on two tankers in the strait—an incident that Washington blamed on Iran and Tehran denied— follows a dangerous pattern of escalation and diffusion of tensions between Iran and its neighbors. This attack highlighted the vulnerability of the Strait of Hormuz, through which one fifth of the world’s oil supply is transported, and was followed by a direct attack on Saudi Arabia’s Aramco oil facilities.
Despite the tensions raised following these attacks, there are signs of opportunities for peace. The notable absence of a firm American response to the attacks raised concerns of further US withdrawal from traditional alliances, adding to growing perceptions of the US as an unreliable military partner. This shifting geopolitical stage opens more space for other partners, especially the EU, to launch a new appeal for peace and serve as a diplomatic force against a new cycle of regional crises.
In light of these risks and opportunities, this event seeks to facilitate a constructive debate between experts, academics and EU policy-makers on how to best mitigate the rising risk of conflict and de-escalate regional tensions in the Middle-East. Participants will discuss how the EU can better leverage its diplomatic influence to strategically de-escalate tensions, avoid the erosion and breakdown of state institutions and the eruption of violent conflict. Overall, this event will provide a forum to explore different pathways and political alternatives to preempt the possibility of conflict and to defuse direct confrontations that would negatively impact the wider region.
- Amb. Marc Otte, BIC President and Belgium Special Envoy for Syria
- Mr. Gabriel Munuera Vinals, Head of Division MENA 4: Arabian Peninsula, Iraq and Regional Policies – EEAS
- Dr. Peter Krois, Austrian Delegate for North Africa, the Middle East and the Gulf Regio
- Dr. Amelie Chelly, Expert on Iran and Middle East, CADIS (EHESS-CNRS) Paris
- Ms. Paula Yacoubian, Lebanese MP, Member of the World Bank External Advisory Panel for Diversity and Inclusion, Journalist
Moderated by Ms. Shada Islam, Director of Europe & Geopolitics at Friends of Europe.
Hosted by MEP Mr. Lukas Mandl, EPP
The conference will have a lecture format, which will be moderated by Ms. Shada Islam. MEP Mr. Mandl will provide the opening remarks to the audience and speakers. The opening session shall serve to frame the discussion for the panel of experts and policy makers.
Speakers will be introduced individually by Ms. Islam, and each will give a short intervention explaining their perspective on the subject for about 8 minutes, which should provide extensive coverage of all relevant viewpoints.
Attendees will then have the opportunity to participate during the Q&A session, and contribute to comments and questions to the discussion. This will draw on the extensive expertise from high-level policy makers, Ambassadors and leading think-tanks in the room, and produce a dynamic, constructive debate.
P R O G R A M M E
16:30-16:35 Opening remarks MEP Mr. Lukas Mandl, EPP
16:35-16:45 Moderator / Introductory remarks Ms. Shada Islam, Director of Europe & Geopolitics at Friends of Europe
16:45-18:00 Panel discussion
18:00 -18:20 Q&A session
18:20-18:30 Concluding remarks Ms. Shada Islam, Director of Europe & Geopolitics at Friends of Europe